Gongjin's Campaign Memorials
Gongjin's Campaign Memorials

Lady Zhang 張妃 was a daughter of Zhang Fei and younger sister of the Lady Zhang who later became Empress Jing’ai of Shu-Han. After her sister’s passing, she became Liu Shan’s empress. It is not exactly known when she died, but she lived to see the fall of Shu-Han.

Records of the Three Kingdoms official biography [translation][]

 Empress Zhang 張皇后 of the Latter Lord (hòu zhǔ 後主) [Liu Shan] was the younger sister of Empress Jing’ai. In the fifteenth year of Jianxing 建興[n 1] she was taken into the palace as honoured lady (guìrén 貴人). In the first month of spring of the first year of Yanxi 延熙,[n 2] an edict [by the Latter Lord] ordered:

We inherited the enterprise to reign over the empire and make offerings at the suburban altars, the ancestral temples, and the altars to Soil and Millet. Now we wish to enthrone the honoured lady as our empress, and send the Acting Chancellor (chéngxiàng 丞相) and General on the Left (zuǒ jiāngjūn 左將軍) Xiang Lang 向朗 to carry a verge and bestow upon her the seal and ribbon. Strive hard to cultivate domestic tasks and maintain the sacrifices. The Empress will respect this!

 In the first year of Xianxi 咸熙[n 3] she accompanied the Latter Lord [when he was moved] to Luoyang.[1]

[1] Han-Jin chunqiu 漢晉春秋 (“Spring and Autumn Annals of Han and Jin”) states: When the palace women of Shu-[Han] were given by Wei to its generals who had no wives, the Brilliant Companion (zhāoyí 昭儀) Li 李 declared, “I cannot suffer indignities multiple times,” and so killed herself.



  • Xingcai 星彩 of the Koei-Tecmo videogames is based on this Lady Zhang.
  1. GJCM notes: the reign years Jianxing were from 223-237. The year 237 was its fifteenth year. At the time Liu Shan was the emperor.
  2. GJCM notes: the reign years Yanxi were from 238-257. At the time Liu Shan was the emperor.
  3. GJCM notes: Xianxi was a reign title of the Wei dynasty from 264-265. At the time Cao Huan was the emperor.


  • Chen Shou 陳壽 (233–297). Sanguo zhi 三國志 “Records of the Three Kingdoms”, with official commentary compiled by Pei Songzhi 裴松之 (372-451).